During pregnancy, pregnant women are strongly advised to eat healthy and varied foods such as fruits and vegetables. The fruit contains vitamins and minerals that can help pregnant women maintain their own bodies in the best condition and also for fetal development. But not all fruits can be consumed by pregnant women during the pregnancy phase. The choice of fruits is made not only for pregnant women but also for the health of the baby in the mother’s stomach. Guava is one of the fruits that can be chosen by pregnant women by considering several things, such as nutritional content, health benefits, risks in pregnancy, and how to consume them.
Guava is best eaten raw in natural form or combined in fruit salads and can also be made juice drinks. Guava is very nutritious, this fruit has five times more vitamin C than oranges, has high water content and has an amount of potassium that is almost the same as a banana.
Guava is also rich in antioxidants, vitamins A, E, magnesium, calcium, and potassium. This fruit is also ideal for diets because it has relatively lower fat, carbohydrate, and protein contents. Guava has a delicious taste and aroma that is not only good for pregnant women, but also for parents, and children.
Nutrition in guava is an important addition to the diet during pregnancy. Guava contains a variety of nutrients that can help relax muscles, reduce constipation, help develop the nervous system in infants, and help digestion during pregnancy. Guava is an excellent source of folic acid for fetal development.
During pregnancy, choosing safe foods is highly recommended so that pregnant women and their babies remain in good health. Not all fruits are recommended for consumption by pregnant women, as raw papaya containing latex can harm the fetus or cause miscarriage.
Is it safe to eat guava during pregnancy?
This question is often asked by pregnant women before they decide to eat guava during pregnancy. Some say that eating guava during pregnancy can increase the chance of appendicitis in pregnant women, but there is no medical evidence about this.
Eating guava at all stages of pregnancy is generally safe and healthy because this fruit is rich in nutrients and has a sweet, delicious taste and has a soft and smooth texture. When you eat guava make sure to choose guava that is ripe and has been washed thoroughly, remove the seeds and peel the skin.
Ripe guava has more vitamin C to offer more health benefits and to boost immunity. Ripe guava also has high fiber to help digestion problems. Ripe guava can also help pregnant women who experience dental problems or acute toothache because the texture of ripe fruit is softer and not hard.
Pregnant women are also advised not to eat more than one fruit weighing around 100-125 grams in one day. Eat guava whose flesh is white because it is more nutritious than the red one.
Eating guava in pregnant women is also not recommended every day, but guava is used as a night snack or at breakfast. If you have an allergy to guava, alternative fruits like oranges and strawberries can also be chosen.
Guava can also be eaten before pregnancy because it contains vitamin B9 which can prevent the occurrence of spina bifida. Spina bifida can occur if the spine does not close completely during the first month of pregnancy. In addition to guava, vitamin B9 is also widely found in dates, oranges, strawberries, and cherries.
Eating too much guava can damage health and should be avoided to prevent adverse effects on the health of the fetus. Pregnant women should also avoid preserved guava and not choose guava that has spots. Before consuming guava, if necessary you first consult with your doctor for the required intake in accordance with the body.
Nutritional value of guava
According to US Department of Agriculture Data (USDA), guava contains calories, sugar, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and potassium. Guava also contains other nutrients, such as vitamins C, A, B2, B3, B6, B9, and E, folic acid, ascorbic acid, isoflavonoids, carotenoids, lycopene, and polyphenols.
Vitamins found in guava like vitamin C are very good for building a strong immune system. Minerals such as calcium, potassium, and copper in guava help develop strong bones and as a source of energy. Guava also has lycopene pigment which helps fight cancer-related growth. Folic acid helps the development of the fetal nervous system and is important for infant growth.
20 Health benefits of guava during pregnancy
Here are some benefits obtained by pregnant women when they consume guava, such as
1. Guava can boost the immune system
Vitamin C which is high in guava is not only beneficial to increase metabolism, but also very beneficial to improve the immune system of pregnant women. When the immune system is strong, pregnant women will avoid various diseases and infections that can harm the fetus.
2. Guava helps maintain optimal blood pressure
High blood pressure during pregnancy can increase risks such as miscarriage and premature birth. Eating guava can help keep blood pressure levels under control. Guava contains potassium which is useful to prevent spikes in blood pressure and helps maintain the optimal blood pressure of pregnant women.
3. Guava can regulate blood sugar levels
In addition to maintaining blood pressure levels, pregnant women must also maintain blood sugar levels. The content of fiber and complex carbohydrates in guava can help control blood sugar levels during pregnancy. High fiber in guava ensures well-regulated sugar levels, while a low glycemic index inhibits a sudden surge in blood sugar levels in the body.
During pregnancy, it is very important for blood sugar levels to remain controlled to avoid one of the medical problems that are often faced by pregnant women namely gestational diabetes (type 1 and 2 diabetes) that often occurs at week 24.
Gestational diabetes is very dangerous during the pregnancy phase although it is very rare. Gestational diabetes in pregnant women can cause developmental disorders in the fetus and cause premature birth which can result in miscarriage. Symptoms of gestational diabetes are shared by all women during pregnancy and will disappear when the child is born. Consuming one guava per day can help reduce the risk of gestational diabetes in pregnant women.
4. Guava can prevent constipation and hemorrhoids
The fiber in guava not only controls blood sugar levels but also plays another important role to ensure proper intestinal contents transit. Pregnant women often face constipation and hemorrhoids due to hormonal changes. Constipation can affect the health of pregnant women because it causes a variety of different diseases.
Consuming guava during pregnancy will meet the needs of fiber which plays an important role in preventing constipation. Guava is rich in soluble fiber and its water content is quite high, in one guava fruit can meet about 12% of the recommended fiber intake every day.
Guava seeds also have benefits when eaten because they can prevent hemorrhoids. Guava seeds can function as a laxative that helps the formation of healthy bowel movements. Guava if consumed during pregnancy can also eliminate other digestive disorders such as diarrhea and dysentery because it has anti-bacterial properties.
5. Guava helps maintain a healthy digestive system
During pregnancy, the mothers often experience digestive problems such as heartburn and nausea which can be overcome by consuming guava. These digestive problems can occur due to an increased risk of developing acidity and gastroesophageal reflux. Guava is one of the alkaline foods that are alkaline and is recommended for consumption during pregnancy. Alkaline foods help to balance the stomach’s pH content thereby reducing the risk of digestive problems that are often experienced by pregnant women.
Besides being alkaline, guava has potassium and fiber which can also help overcome acidity and heartburn. The high fiber and water content in guava can improve digestion such as softening feces, making bowel movements easier and increasing metabolism.
6. Guava can prevent cancer in pregnant women
Prostate cancer and breast cancer often occur in pregnant women, but by consuming guava you not only get the nutritional benefits but also reduce the risk of getting cancer. Cancer cell growth can be prevented with powerful antioxidants such as lycopene, vitamin C, quercetin and other polyphenols.
Guava has various nutrients that can be used to prevent cancer in pregnant women, such as vitamin C and lycopene as antioxidants that can neutralize free radicals produced in the body. These nutrients can fight cancer and help detoxify the body, especially vitamin C. Guava proved to inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells and reduce the risk of prostate cancer, especially because it is rich in lycopene.
7. Guava improves eye health and prevents blindness in the fetus
Besides the high fiber content, consuming guava during pregnancy is very important for fetal growth. Vitamin A in guava, although not as much as in carrots, can improve the health of pregnant women and prevent the possibility of blindness in the fetus. Vitamin A not only improves eye health but also helps prevent vision loss, such as slowing cataracts and macular degeneration.
8. Guava helps fetal brain development
Vitamins and minerals present in guavas such as vitamins A, B, C, and E, as well as various minerals, such as potassium, calcium, phosphorus, copper, thiamine, and magnesium can help the developing fetus.
Besides being rich in folic acid, guava also has vitamins B3 and B6 which are also known as niacin and pyridoxine, contributing to the cognitive health of pregnant women and fetuses. This vitamin helps improve blood circulation to the brain, relaxes nerves, and stimulates cognitive function in pregnant women and fetuses.
9. Guava helps the development of the fetal nervous system
Folic acid in guava is not only good for fetal brain development but also the development of the nervous system. There is no reason not to consume guava during pregnancy, guava can help the development of your fetal nervous system.
Guava contains folic acid and vitamin B9 which is very important for pregnant women because it is very good for developing babies. Both of these nutrients ensure that the baby’s neurological, nervous, and cardiovascular circulatory systems develop smoothly and without interference. Pregnant women who consume folic acid in sufficient quantities will ensure the baby does not grow with developmental disorders in the neural tube (spina bifida).
10. Guava helps fight germs and infections during pregnancy
Eating guava can make pregnant women not easily get sick. Guava is known for its antioxidant properties because it is rich in vitamins A, C, E, and rich in polyphenols, isoflavonoids, and carotenoids. The antioxidant and vitamin properties in guava help fight germs and bacterial infections in the body, making the body’s immune system stronger against disease. Because it can protect against infection, consuming guava during pregnancy helps protect skin infections in sensitive skin of pregnant women.
11. Guava helps reduce stress in pregnant women
Pregnant women often experience stress that can affect the health condition of the body and the fetus in the womb. Avoiding stress during pregnancy is highly recommended, stress during pregnancy can occur due to weight gain and hormonal imbalances in the body.
You can reduce stress during pregnancy by consuming guava which is rich in magnesium sources to relax nerves and muscles. Magnesium in guava not only helps keep muscles and nerves relaxed during pregnancy but also helps fight stress and gives your system a good energy boost.
12. Guava can help control blood cholesterol levels
The high soluble fiber in guava is very good for the heart health of pregnant women. Fiber plays an important role in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease because it helps control blood cholesterol levels. Consuming adequate amounts of fiber during pregnancy not only increases levels of good cholesterol (HDL) but also lowers bad cholesterol (LDL).
Not only fiber, but potassium in guava is also good for your heart health. Guava can regulate blood pressure in hypertensive patients because it helps improve the balance of sodium and potassium in the body.
13. Guava helps meet the needs of iron during pregnancy
Guava is best consumed during pregnancy because it can be a good source of iron. During pregnancy, the need for iron will increase so that high iron-containing foods are needed for pregnant women so that hemoglobin levels are maintained and protected from anemia. Iron deficiency makes the blood does not carry enough oxygen to tissues throughout the body so that it can affect the health of the mother and her baby.
14. Guava prevents nausea and vomiting in the morning
During pregnancy, pregnant women often experience morning sickness, especially during their first trimester. Nausea and vomiting in the morning occur due to large changes in hormone levels in pregnant women.
The content of vitamin C in guava seeds can control morning sickness. You only need to eat guava without seeds as soon as you feel nauseous in the morning. Don’t eat too much guava when you haven’t had breakfast in the morning.
15. Make You Stay Hydrated and eliminate toxins in the body
In the pregnancy phase, pregnant women need more water than usual. Pregnant women need at least 3-4 liters of water every day so as not to become dehydrated. High water demand during the pregnancy phase is also needed to eliminate toxins that are harmful to the body and fetus.
Eating guava during pregnancy helps you avoid dehydration because the fruit contains lots of water. Besides being able to prevent dehydration, guava can also eliminate harmful toxins in the body because it has a high amount of lycopene. Antioxidants in guava also protect you from all types of damage caused by free radicals and reduce oxidative stress in the body.
16. Guava is rich in nutrients for the diet of pregnant women
Full intake of vitamins and minerals is one of the keys to giving birth to a healthy baby. Guava is rich in vitamins and minerals that are highly recommended for pregnant women. Pregnant women need high nutrition for themselves and for the fetus in their stomachs. Guava is rich in vitamins A, B2, C, E, manganese, copper, potassium, iron, thiamine, calcium, and phosphorus. Calcium and fiber in guava make it a great addition to the pregnancy diet. Guava skin is also a source of ascorbic acid which has benefits for fighting various degenerative diseases.
17. Guava helps treat your skin
Vitamin A, vitamin C, and antioxidants such as lycopene and carotene in guava help you get skin that is radiant, clean and protects the skin from wrinkles. Guava also has vitamin K which helps eliminate acne irritation, redness, dark circles around the eyes and eliminate skin discoloration. High water content in guava keeps your skin hydrated. Guava not only has antioxidant properties but also has detoxification properties that can improve skin health during pregnancy.
18. Guava improves thyroid health
Eating guava not only strengthens the metabolism of pregnant women but also improves thyroid health. Guava is rich in copper which helps regulate thyroid hormone.
19. Guava is a nutritious snack for pregnant women
Guava is a good source of nutrition to help the development of the baby and the health of pregnant women. Guava becomes a snack that satiates and satisfies the appetite of pregnant women so that they do not eat other foods that have low nutrition and high sugar. Guava contains a lot of minerals and vitamins and is high in water and calories so it helps you fight hunger without gaining weight. Guava also has far less sugar than other fruits such as oranges, grapes, and apples.
20. Guava relieves cough and cold
Consuming guava during pregnancy also prevent pregnant women suffering from cough and flu. Guava has one of the highest iron and vitamin C among other fruits which is proven to protect the body from viral infections and flu. Immature guava helps to eliminate mucus and sterilize the respiratory tract so that it can relieve cough and flu.
Side effects of eating guava during pregnancy
Guava has many health benefits for pregnant women but also has side effects if consumed in excess. High fiber in guava if consumed in excess can cause diarrhea. Guava containing chemicals can also cause bacterial infections in pregnant women such as listeriosis which can affect the immunity of pregnant women and newborns. Therefore it is very important to choose organic guava.
It is also very important to choose guava that is undercooked or ripe because raw guava can cause dental problems. Eat guava by rinsing it first with running water and peeling the skin. Consuming guava that is not peeled, can cause diarrhea and skin irritation.
Diarrhea and skin irritation caused by errors in eating guava will make pregnant women experience changes in diet and consumption of more pills that should be avoided. Pregnant women are also advised not to take guava supplements (guava powder, fruit extracts) which can pose risks during pregnancy.
Guava in some people can also cause allergies during pregnancy. If this happens you should consume other fruit alternatives such as strawberries so that during pregnancy you still get nutrition from fruits and vegetables. If necessary, pregnant women should consult their obstetrician before adding guava to the diet plan.
What the next
Eating guava during pregnancy is safe for pregnant women as long as it is not excessive. Guava has amazing benefits during pregnancy for the health of the mother and fetus. Make sure you consume guava does not exceed two pieces of fruit every day and should consume other different fruits to get a variety of nutrients.
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