Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the world. Diabetes occurs due to glucose accumulating in the blood, causing cells to lack energy. Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin needed to make glucose in the blood enter the cell. Diet and lifestyle are the main factors besides other genetic factors. Permanent cure diabetes is generally done by taking medication, diet, or with home remedies. Home remedies for diabetes do not have dangerous side effects and are generally cheaper than conventional treatments offered by doctors. Ginseng, aloe vera, guava, flaxseed, cinnamon, mango leaves, green tea, holy basil leaves, bitter groud, fenugreek seed, okra, and moringa leaves are some home remedies which you can use to treat diabetes.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes, often referred to as diabetes mellitus, is a disorder of glucose transport that causes increased glucose levels in the body. Diabetes is also referred to as a metabolic disorder that is a disorder of insulin secretion and insulin activity. Diabetics have high blood sugar levels in their bodies and usually require anti-diabetes drugs for the rest of their lives. Diabetes can occur due to several factors such as obesity, age over 45 years, physical inactivity, and family history.
Generally, there are two types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs a lot in children and adolescents under the age of 20 to elderly people with insulin dependence. Type 1 diabetes is caused by damage to the pancreatic beta cells so that the pancreas is unable to produce insulin anymore. This type of diabetes cannot be prevented, we can only control it by doing a healthy lifestyle.
Type 2 diabetes, patients do not experience insulin dependence and mostly occur in people over the age of 40 to elderly people. Type 2 diabetes is caused by decreased insulin sensitivity and impaired insulin secretion by age and lifestyle. The body of type 2 diabetics is unable to respond to insulin (insulin resistance) produced by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes can occur due to several things such as being overweight, poor diet, high blood pressure, hormone imbalances, excessive stress, certain drugs, aging, and not moving much.
Another type of diabetes is gestational diabetes, which is diabetes that occurs in women during pregnancy. Patients will experience a surge in blood glucose levels caused by the body unable to produce enough insulin. This is what causes a progressive increase in blood sugar.
When insulin resistance occurs, blood sugar levels will increase because sugar cannot enter the cell to produce energy. Too much sugar in the blood will make the blood become thicker and stickier which can damage small capillaries and affect blood flow in the body. This can lead to heart problems, peripheral nerve damage, and blood vessels, kidney damage, high blood pressure, failure of the whole body function, and can damage nerves and blood vessels in the eyes that cause blindness.
Symptoms experienced by diabetics
If you feel any of the symptoms below, you should start checking the level of sugar in your body, for better treatment. Some of the symptoms commonly experienced by people with diabetes are injuries that are difficult to heal or dry, easily tired, often feeling hungry and thirsty, frequent urination, often experiencing tingling, irritability, and numbness in the fingertips.
Diabetics have a blood sugar level of more than 126 mg / dL and or more than 200 mg / dL when fasting, whereas in normal people the blood sugar level is between 60 mg / dL to 110 mg / dL and or 180 mg / dL to 200 mg / dL when fasting. Whereas if your blood sugar level is below 60 mg / dL and or 70 mg / dL when fasting then you can experience hypoglycemia.
Diabetes can cause complications of other health problems that are very fatal and can lead to death if the condition is severe. Therefore treatment and early detection are highly recommended for people who feel they have one of the symptoms of diabetes as mentioned earlier. Some other health problems caused by diabetes include:
- Diabetes can lead to narrowing and blockage of blood vessels resulting in hypertension and stroke
- Diabetes can make the kidneys work harder, causing the kidneys to fail
- Diabetes can cause thin blood vessels in the retina to become stiff and easy to rupture causing retinal damage and blindness
- Diabetes also triggers narrowing and blockage of blood vessels in the penis causing impotence in men
- Diabetes also causes blood vessel disorders and peripheral nerves so that it can cause amputation
Home remedies for diabetes
The medical approach for diabetic patients now requires a high cost because patients have to take medication every day. Medicines commonly used to reduce blood sugar and increase insulin response, and blood pressure medications. All of these drugs have various side effects in the short and long term. Another approach is to carry out a strict diet for weight loss, a low sugar diet, low fat, and modify carbohydrate intake, and accompanied by physical exercise.
In addition to the several approaches above, diabetes treatment can also be done at home naturally without side effects and of course at a much cheaper cost. This approach is a lot of choice for diabetics. Some natural remedies at home can be an alternative treatment for diabetes as below.
Some studies use North American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian ginseng such as Japanese ginseng, Korean ginseng for the treatment of diabetes. This ginseng can increase control of blood sugar, and glycosylated hemoglobin (hemoglobin in the blood). Ginseng has active compounds that can modulate insulin secretion, and glucose metabolism so that it can reduce fasting blood sugar levels and after eating. You can add 1-2 teaspoons of ginseng in 1 cup of water then simmer in a pan for 5 minutes, and strain before consuming it. You can drink it three times a day to get maximum results.
2. Aloe vera
Aloe vera not only increase liver function but also can reduce fasting sugar levels in your blood and has an anti-hyperglycemic effect in type 2 diabetes because it is enriched with phytosterol. Research in Japan shows that phytosterol compounds in aloe gel can reduce blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin levels. Other studies have also shown that aloe vera can increase insulin production by the pancreas, which means it helps restore the body with type 2 diabetes. You can consume 1 cup of unsweetened aloe juice or mix it with turmeric and bay leaves, drink 1 to 2 times a day to get a maximum result. Aloe vera juice can also overcome the side effects of diabetes such as swelling of blood and reducing fat.
Guava according to research can help maintain blood sugar levels for diabetics because they contain vitamin C and high fiber. High fiber in guava can support metabolism for better absorption of sugar from food. Guava also contains antioxidants that contribute to preventing type 1 diabetes. Eat guava with no skin and not too much because it contains potassium which can be toxic to the body.
Flaxseed is enriched with antioxidants which can reduce insulin sensitivity that occurs due to oxidative stress in the body. Flaxseed also has fiber that is very necessary for diabetics because it can help absorb sugar and fat in the body. You can consume flaxseed one tablespoon each morning with a glass of warm water, you should not consume more than 2 tablespoons every day.
One teaspoon of cinnamon, (Cinnamomum cassia) which is pounded in a cup of warm water in the morning can control type 2 diabetes and reduce blood sugar levels in the body. You can also make it as a smoothie or boil cinnamon in 2 cups of water, leave it to cool before you drink it. Cinnamon can control diabetes because it has bioactive components such as cinnamate, cinnamic acid, and cinnamaldehyde. Cinnamon is also rich in antioxidants which can help reduce oxidative stress.
Research shows that cinnamon has been shown to increase insulin sensitivity by reducing insulin resistance at the cellular level. Other studies have also shown that cinnamon can also reduce fasting blood glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes. It is recommended not to consume excessive cinnamon, preferably in doses of about 1/2 to 2 teaspoons per day because it can cause an increase in heart rate, damage liver, and respiratory problems.
6. Mango Leaves
The decoction of 10 to 15 mango leaves can also treat diabetes. You only need to boil it for 15 minutes before drinking it in the morning. Another way is to soak the mango leaves in a glass of water overnight then filter them before drinking once a day. Mango leaves can also be consumed as powder by drying dried mango leaves and pounding them until smooth. Mango leaf powder can be mixed with water to drink in the morning. Mango leaves have wondered for diabetics because they can control diabetes by regulating blood sugar levels, and contain vitamins C, A, and tannins. Tanin is a powerful antioxidant that can be used for the treatment of early diabetes. Research published by the Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research in 2017 also revealed the benefits of manganese leaves for diabetes and cancer.
7. Green Tea
Green tea has the antioxidant bioflavinoid epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and polyphenols to regulate irregular blood sugar levels. Research in Korea also shows the benefits of green tea for people with type 2 diabetes, by reducing blood sugar production, and excessive secretion, and increasing glucose tolerance in patients. In addition to treating diabetes, green tea also has other benefits for health, which provide antioxidant protection for the pancreas and liver, also can increase fat oxidation and thermogenesis. Green tea also prevents diabetic retinopathy because it can reduce the growth of troubled blood vessels. You can consume green tea at a dose of 200 mg to 400 mg a day.
8. Holy Basil Leaves (Tulsi)
Holy basil leaves (Ocimum sanctum) have antioxidants and compounds such as eugenol, methyl eugenol, and caryophyllene. According to research, holy basil can increase insulin production and reduce fasting sugar and blood sugar levels after eating in people with type 2 diabetes. The compounds in the holy basil leaves help the pancreatic beta-cell function to store and release insulin. While antioxidants in holy basil leaves help defeat the bad effects of oxidative stress. You can make holy basil leaf juice to reduce blood sugar levels in the body.
9. Bitter Gourd (Karela)
Bitter gourd juice in the morning can help control type 1 and type 2 diabetes but does not replace insulin treatment. You only need 1 bitter gourd, a little salt, a little pepper, and 2 teaspoons of lemon juice. Blend all ingredients, drink ½ cup in the morning when the stomach is still empty. Bitter gourd has Charanthin and Momordicin, which are antidiabetic compounds that can lower blood glucose by affecting glucose metabolism throughout the body. Bitter gourd also increases pancreatic insulin secretion to prevent insulin resistance.
10. Fenugreek seeds (methi)
Fenugreek seeds are a good source of soluble fiber for controlling blood sugar levels in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In addition to controlling blood sugar levels, fenugreek seeds according to the study can also increase glucose tolerance, stimulate insulin secretion, and reduce blood sugar levels. Fiber and other nutrients in fenugreek seeds allow your blood to absorb sugar well by slowing down our digestion, thus preventing build-up in body organs.
You can consume fenugreek seeds by adding it to the baked food or brewing it into tea. In addition, you can also soak 2 tablespoons of fenugreek seeds in water overnight before drinking them with the seeds in the morning. Fenugreek seeds are one of the safest herbs and herbs for diabetes, it is recommended for doses of 2-5 grams per day.
11. Moringa Leaves
Moringa leaves or referred to as Moringa Oleifera leaves have nutrients that can increase insulin secretion in the body and maintain blood sugar levels, and increase energy. Moringa leaves have anti-inflammatory properties and are rich in antioxidants which are also good for diabetics. You can consume Moringa leaves by inserting 50 grams of Moringa leaves into foods such as salads or steaming like spinach. Moringa leaves not only add to the taste of food, and reduce blood sugar increases, but in some Asian countries, it is also used to increase the production of breast milk.
12. Indian Gooseberry (Amla)
Consuming Indian gooseberry (amla) can help support pancreatic activity and increase insulin production to reduce blood sugar in the body. Amla is rich in vitamin C which is a good antioxidant for diabetics. You can consume it by pounding 2-3 amla fruits without the seeds until smooth, then put them on the cloth and squeeze until the water comes out. Mix 2 tablespoons of juice of amla fruit into one cup of water and drink it in the morning when the stomach is empty.
13. Black plum (Jamun fruit)
Consuming black plums regularly every day can benefit people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. These fruits help control blood sugar levels because they contain antioxidants such as ellagic acid, tannins that can be hydrolyzed, and anthocyanins. Research also proves that black plum seeds (Jamun) can reduce blood sugar and urine sugar quickly because it has a hypoglycemic effect. You can consume black plum seeds by making a dry powder of black plum seeds, and mixing this powder with water to drink twice a day.
14. Curry Leaf
Adding raw curry leaf in food or into your favorite salad can help prevent and control diabetes. According to research at King’s College, London found that curry leaf can slow the rate of breaking starch into glucose in diabetics. This means curry leaf can maintain glucose levels in your bloodstream and help with insulin activity in the body. Curry leaf also can reduce weight and reduce cholesterol levels.
15. Indian Lilac (Neem)
Despite its bitter taste, neem has benefits for diabetics. Indian lilac according to research has been shown to stimulate the insulin activity and reduce blood glucose levels. Neem is also able to reduce the body’s need for insulin by up to 60%. If you consume it, you should consult with an endocrinologist even though Neem has no side effects.
Clove oil extract (eugenol) can help work insulin and reduce blood glucose levels so that it can be used to treat diabetes. Cloves can also treat insulin resistance effectively. In addition to lowering glucose in the blood, clove oil extract can also reduce bad cholesterol (LDL).
Rosemary not only adds to the taste of food but can also treat type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Rosemary can help neutralize high glucose levels in the blood. High glucose levels in the blood are one of the causes of diabetes. Taking rosemary regularly is also beneficial for pregnancy.
Like rosemary, oregano is also not only used for food but also for the treatment of diabetes that is safe without side effects. Oregano often found in Italian cuisine can reduce glucose levels in the blood if you regularly consume it.
19. Cilantro oil
Cilantro oil can reduce blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin secretion so that it can be used for the treatment of diabetes. You only need to add 3 to 4 drops of cilantro oil to the diffuser that was previously filled with water. Then breathe deeply the oil mixture 1 to 2 times a day to get maximum results.
20. Kalonji Oil (Black Seed)
Kalonji Oil or black seed (Nigella sativa) can also be used to treat diabetes naturally without side effects. Kalonji oil has a role in glycemic control so it can keep your blood glucose levels under control. Drink a mixture of 2.5 ml of kalonji oil and black tea every day in the morning and evening to get the benefits.
21. Curcumin extract
Curcumin extract from turmeric has many benefits for diabetics. This extract can reduce insulin resistance which is one of the causes of diabetes. Curcumin extract can reduce inflammatory chemicals such as TNF-a, and NF-KB which cause insulin resistance so that it can protect the body from diabetes, and complications of diabetes. The recommended dose for consuming curcumin extract is 200 mg to 3,000 mg per day.
22. Gurmar (Gymnema Sylvestre)
This herb has an active substance that can treat diabetes called gymnemic acid which is useful for regenerating beta pancreatic cells (bendocrinocyte langerhans islet), stimulates insulin secretion, slows glucose transport from the intestine to blood vessels.
23. Bengal quince (Aegle marmelos)
Bengal quince also knows as golden apple, Japanese bitter orange, stone apple, Maja fruit, or wood apple. This herb also has benefits for diabetes because it is useful for lowering blood glucose levels and increasing endurance. This herb also has other benefits as an antioxidant, antibacterial, antihistamine, anti-inflammatory and antidepressant.
24. Jamun (Syzygium cumini)
Known as Jamblang or java plum, it is widely known as reducing blood sugar levels. Syzygium Cumini (Jamblang) has a low glycemic index that is good for diabetics. The study also revealed that the seeds can reduce blood sugar levels by up to 30%. This fruit is also useful for reducing complications caused by diabetes.
25. Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia)
Bitter melon can reduce blood sugar levels because they have Charatin which is a hypoglycemic agent. Charatin has a function to increase glucose absorption, and glycogen synthesis in cells of the liver, muscles, and adipose tissue. Even though the fruit is bitter, you can consume it as a vegetable to get the benefits.
26. Indian Kino Bark (Pterocarpus Marsupium Cortex)
Indian kino bark has benefits for lowering blood sugar levels which are often used in ayurvedic medicine. You can find this tree in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka.
27. Malacca Tree (Emblica Officinalis)
Malacca trees are often used as one of the herbal remedies for diabetes because they contain antioxidants such as polyphenols, saponins, flavonoids, and ascorbic acid. Antioxidants in malacca trees can reduce blood sugar and increase endurance.
28. Okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus )
Okra has low calories and does not contain saturated fat or cholesterol. okra can also reduce blood glucose levels so that it can be used for diabetics. Research in India revealed the benefits of okra for diabetes, as published in the Journal of Pharmacy & BioAllied Sciences in 2011, the study was conducted on rats given okra seeds.
The next step that must be done is that when you have diabetes, you have to do the appropriate treatment for you. When you choose the pathway for treatment with home remedies, then you must tell your doctor.
For those of you who do not suffer from diabetes, then you need to do prevention with many things such as drinking enough water and avoid drinking alcohol, low-calorie drinks, and soft drinks. Another thing you need to do is exercise regularly because it can increase insulin sensitivity and help the muscles take sugar from the blood. You can do sports in the form of brisk walking, running, cycling and swimming.
Prevention of other diabetes such as controlling your carbohydrate intake, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose by the body which can increase blood sugar levels. In addition to reducing carbohydrates, you must increase foods that contain fiber. Fiber slows carbohydrate digestion and absorption of sugar, choose foods that contain soluble fiber.
If you want to be safer and avoid diabetes, choose foods that have a low glycemic index such as nuts, sweet potatoes, fruits, non-flour vegetables, lentils, meat, wheat, and seafood. Some people also apply food portion control, avoid stress, monitor blood sugar levels, sleep quality, choose foods that are rich in chromium and magnesium, and always maintain ideal body weight.
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