Baby gas is a normal part of the process of digesting proteins, lactose, and other nutrients found in breast milk and formula milk. Baby gas can also occur when a baby swallows a lot of air while breastfeeding. You don’t need to worry if your baby is just fussing for a few seconds and in general they are happy when passing gas because that’s a normal sign. Gas in the baby makes the baby’s stomach expand with air and can be a symptom of something that is happening when too much gas in your baby. Baby gas is also involved in most gut complaints that can cause pain, bloating or irritation. Baby gas pain usually has symptoms such as crying will be sharper, more intense, and panic. The baby also shows discomfort such as writhing, pulling his legs, and clenching his fists. Some ways to deal with baby’s gas pain such as massaging the stomach and making it belch will be discussed in this article.
As the digestive tract grows, baby gas will become one of the problems in your baby. Baby gas problems tend to occur when babies are 4 to 12 weeks old and will decrease significantly when they reach 3 months of age. Ages 6 and 12 months also often experience this problem because they start trying lots of different foods for the first time. Most babies can overcome and pass, but some of them cause pain and discomfort, although this is very normal. You just need to pay more attention to divert their discomfort.
Gas discomfort in babies is normal because their stomachs are not yet mature and some others suffer from congenital and environmental factors. Gas discomfort in babies often occurs in every baby who is breastfed and bottled milk. The attention of parents to find a safe and natural solution to deal with baby gas pain is certainly rather difficult because babies cannot tell the location and nature of their problem. You can only know and observe gas symptoms to identify effective treatments.
Baby gas pain symptoms
Gas can cause pain in the baby when gas is trapped in the intestine and causes a buildup of painful pressure. Baby gas also causes pain and discomfort because the digestive system of the newborn is still not perfect. Muscles that support digestion have not yet developed the right rhythm to move food efficiently to the digestive tract. The pain and discomfort due to gas are also caused by the absence of good bacterial flora (probiotics) that help digestion.
Baby gas is often worse at night when most of the baby’s digestion is at work. Gas pain can also be a symptom of serious intolerance to gluten or referred to as a celiac disease. Therefore, knowing the early symptoms of baby gas is important for parents, so we can immediately overcome if there are serious problems that can cause discomfort in the baby. Some symptoms such as pulling her legs up on the stomach, writhing after eating, irritability, cramps, flatulence, frequent fussing, and excessive belching are often signs that the baby has pain due to excessive gas.
Symptoms of gas pain can be encountered when your baby is hiccuping, belching, or excessive spitting. This indicates that too much air has been ingested during breastfeeding. Burping is a natural way for babies to release gas that forms in the stomach, encourage your baby to burp during and immediately after eating.
Babies often spit or spit up is a normal habit. Babies often vomit accompanied by belching during or immediately after the baby drinks milk can be associated with the accumulation of gas in the baby’s stomach. In addition to gas, this can also be caused by types of formula milk, eating too much or too fast, and particles in breast milk.
A bloated baby’s stomach can be a symptom of gas trapped in the intestine causing pain and discomfort. Gas trapped in the intestine causes the flow of stomach fluid to slow down, or stop. This causes some babies may experience painful cramps because their digestive system is not yet ripe, so they have not had time to build beneficial flora, which is beneficial such as probiotics and enzymes in their intestines and may not be able to deal with them effectively.
Babies who cry excessively can be one of the symptoms of pain due to excessive gas that you need to give serious attention. Crying is a normal way for babies to convey their needs such as discomfort, loneliness, pain, fatigue, or hunger. Some types of crying can be a sign of gas trapped in the stomach and need to burp.
You should pay attention to your baby’s crying habits, to find out some baby language that can be useful for some parents. An excessive and longer crying baby, accompanied by a baby’s face flushed, fists clenched, grunting sound, or knees pulling up to the chest can be a sign of gas in the intestine that causes stomach pain.
When the baby continues to cry even though it has released gas, it can indicate other problems such as colic, constipation, and reflux. Burping when the baby is refluxing makes it worse, it is important to distinguish between reflux and gas. Reflux causes stomach contents to return to the esophagus and out of the mouth accompanied by the baby arching his back, usually occurring half an hour after eating. The symptoms of constipation are also very similar to baby gas, babies who experience constipation have hard and soft stool. Babies usually experience pain when they try to push their bowels out.
Babies who experience anxiety or insomnia are a form of infant discomfort that can be a symptom of babies experiencing pain due to excessive gas. Gas pain is usually accompanied by constipation. These symptoms can be seen when the baby’s stools become hard and only release it once a week, but there are also many children who release it every day but not all of them can cause discomfort. You can encourage your baby to leave it for a few minutes while raising his legs so that more dirt and gas will come out.
Causes of baby gas pain
The cause of baby gas pain is the presence of excessive gas pockets formed in the baby’s stomach or intestines. Pressure from the gas sac in the baby’s stomach causes discomfort or even pain in the baby. Babies pass gas about 15-20 times per day is normal because the gas can enter the digestive system through several ways such as air that is swallowed during feeding and crying. Gas is produced from food scraps broken down by bacteria in the large intestine that can come out when burping and when defecating or farting. Problems will arise when the gas does not pass easily and accumulates in the digestive tract, causing bloating and discomfort. This is often experienced by babies because the digestive system of newborns is immature. Therefore newborn babies can emit more gas than adult men.
Some common reasons for baby gas such as baby drinking too fast, because the nipples in baby bottles have large holes or the flow is too fast. Babies drinking too fast can also occur due to nursing mothers having an overactive supply. Babies drinking too fast can cause baby gas pain because the baby swallows milk.
Not only drinking too fast, but babies drink too slowly also cause baby gas pain. This usually occurs due to baby bottles having a flow that is too slow so that the baby sucks in extra air when drinking milk.
Another cause of baby gas pain is the entry of air bubbles into the milk bottle. Bottle-feeding formula causes more gas than breastfeeding. Air bubbles can enter the milk bottle because you shake the bottle of formula too often and immediately give it to your baby. Instead, wait a few minutes after formula milk is made before you give it to the baby.
Letting the baby cry for a long time before eating makes the baby swallow air while crying so that it can produce excessive gas. Therefore, as much as possible to calm a crying baby quickly.
Baby gas can also occur due to the baby swallowing food that triggers gas. This can be caused by something the mother eats into breast milk or the baby has a food intolerance. We know that breast milk has traces of food from the mother’s diet. Foods that are broken down during digestion in the baby’s body can cause baby gas. Certain vegetable foods such as broccoli and cauliflower can trigger babies to produce gas.
The gas suffered by the baby can also come from traces of food consumed by the mother. Research at the University of Minnesota found an association between maternal diet and colic symptoms. A mother’s diet containing cow’s milk, chocolate, onions, cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cauliflower can improve colic symptoms in babies. Not only food from the mother, but the introduction of new foods to the baby can also cause baby gas because the baby’s intestines are still learning to process it. Foods that have high sugar levels can cause babies to defecate or gas. A mother can test how this common cause can affect her child by removing all dairy products, soybeans, and nuts from her own food for two weeks.
Another cause of baby gas is too much lactose from breast milk. Breast milk contains foremilk which has more sugar or lactose and hindmilk which is richer in fat. When not all lactose can be digested because there is not enough fat to process it, it will produce excessive gas. Lactation experts recommend that mothers who will breastfeed their children, to empty each breast before continuing breastfeeding again.
Some mothers have excess breast milk, known as a hyper lactation syndrome, which causes breast milk to come out faster and stronger, causing the baby to vomit, or fuss. Rapidly flowing milk can also cause gas problems in babies. Babies will swallow a lot of air when swallowing and choking while breastfeeding because the flow of breast milk is too fast.
Excess lactose not only comes from breast milk, but babies who overeat and eat too fast can also produce excess lactose and increase intestinal gas that comes from excessive lactose breakdown. Overeating often causes problems if the baby’s stomach can’t handle too much food at once. A small baby’s stomach will be overloaded when the baby is given too much food at one time.
Digestion in babies who are immature and continue to develop after they are born can also cause gas. The intestine in the baby is still learning how to process food, gas, and feces effectively so that it is most likely to cause baby gas. This is often due to immaturity in the intestinal microflora, hormonal regulation, and carbohydrate metabolism. Microflora of the intestine is needed for the immune system and the digestive process.
Microbial imbalance in the baby’s digestion can also cause gas. Beneficial microbes (probiotics) work together with digestive enzymes to break down food and nutrients efficiently. Research also proves that healthy bacteria such as L. Reuteri have a role in reducing baby gas. Research also shows that breast milk also contains probiotics which can reduce the incidence of colic, gas, and reflux in babies.
Excessive gas in babies can also occur due to the sensitivity of some ingredients present in breast milk or formula milk. Some babies experience intolerance to the protein in formula milk which can cause gas pain, you need to tell your doctor if you need to replace the brand of formula milk with another.
Another cause of babies producing excess gas is an infection in the digestive tract or what is referred to as gastro. This infection is caused by a virus or bacteria that can cause gas in babies. You need to see a doctor if your baby might have an infection in his digestive tract.
The baby who experiences excessive stimulation can also cause increased gas which can cause pain. The baby who experiences stress due to the environment such as noise, light, and touch can cause babies to experience more severe gas, difficulty sleeping, and fussiness.
How to treat baby gas pain
There are many ways to deal with baby gas which can cause pain and discomfort in babies. Often the baby’s feeding time is accompanied by a lot of crying, swallowing, downing, and suckling which makes a lot of air into the stomach causing baby gas. You should often make your baby burp when changing sides while breastfeeding or every few minutes while breastfeeding to help remove air bubbles from your baby’s stomach.
Burping is important for babies because it can push excessive gas out of his body and relieve gas pain. Try not to wait for the baby to finish breastfeeding to burp. You can make your baby burp by lying down for 5 to 10 minutes immediately after breastfeeding. When you lift it, usually the air will move to the top of the stomach making it easier for the baby to burp. Holding a baby in an upright position or gently rocking the baby in a sitting position while you pat her back can also make a baby burp easily.
Making baby burps is not 100% effective for removing gas, there are other physical therapies that can relieve gas such as baby massage. Massaging the baby’s stomach can also help overcome the discomfort due to gas. Gentle pressure or gently rubbing the baby’s abdomen in a clockwise direction and then pulling your hand down to the curve of the baby’s abdomen can help push out the trapped gas. Use two or three fingers and apply light pressure around the abdomen, repeat several times to remove the trapped gas.
You can also use eucalyptus oil to lubricate and make the baby’s stomach a little warmer. Besides helping to release gas, a gentle massage on the baby’s stomach with eucalyptus oil will make your baby relax and help his stomach feel better. In addition to massaging the baby’s stomach supine, you can also rub his back by placing the baby on his knees to help release excess pressure.
Besides massaging her stomach, you can also gently move her legs several times a day. The trick is when he is on his back, pump his legs forwards, and back (like riding a bicycle) slowly. Occasionally apply extra pressure by gently pressing both knees into his own stomach. Soft circular movements create movement in the intestine that can help reduce trapped gas and another stomach discomfort. The right time to do this is after a warm bath or when you are changing his diaper. A warm bath not only relaxes your baby, but it will also help the gas escape.
Changing eating patterns for nursing mothers is also beneficial for reducing gas pain in babies. Some babies have an intolerance to certain foods that can cause baby gas. Avoid foods that can cause excess gas such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, soybeans, and nuts in your breast milk. You should also avoid carbonated drinks and foods that contain artificial sweeteners. Avoid giving babies fruit juices that contain sorbitol (sugar alcohol) which cannot be absorbed by babies which can also cause excess gas such as apples, pears, grapes, tomatoes, strawberries, and prune juice.
Replace milk bottles that are specifically designed to reduce air intake with nipples not too small or too big. The more air that is swallowed when drinking milk in a bottle, the more likely the formation of gas in the baby’s stomach. Milk bottle holes that are too small can frustrate your baby and make him swallow more food. While bottle holes that are too large can cause the liquid to flow too fast.
Use milk bottles that have soft nipples that form along the baby’s mouth and lips so as to prevent air from flowing along with milk. Some bottles are designed curved, have internal ventilation or linear to prevent air bubbles from forming in the liquid. Optimal milk bottles make breast milk flow gradually and slowly so that the baby has the time to drink and swallow easily, without swallowing too much.
Improving breastfeeding techniques by adjusting the angle can prevent the baby from experiencing gas pain, making sure the baby’s head and neck are higher than his stomach when you feed him. This makes milk flow to the bottom of the stomach and the air rises to the top, making it easier for babies to belch. Breastfeeding in a lying position will also help the flow of extra milk from the baby’s mouth, preventing extra air intake. If you give milk with a bottle, use a bottle with an arch, and feed it in a vertical position while the milk soaks up to cover the nipple.
Tilt the bottle at an angle that fills the entire nipple to avoid the baby sucking air. Avoid giving milk by holding your baby in a curled or bent position because air is more likely to be trapped there with his food. Therefore, as much as possible to hold the baby more upright during breastfeeding so that formula milk or milk runs more smoothly to the stomach.
If the cause of gas in the baby is an oversupply or hyper lactation syndrome, you can try breastfeeding with alternative breasts every time you breastfeed. If the other breasts are too full, you can pump a little to ease them.
Changing the brand of formula milk in some cases can also help reduce the symptoms of gas in babies. You can consult in advance about this problem with your doctor to change the brand of formula milk if your baby has gas symptoms. Usually, the doctor will recommend iron-fortified formula milk or lactose-free formula milk. Your doctor may also recommend switching to soy formula if your baby has a milk protein allergy.
If your baby also has an allergy to soy, choose formula milk with elements such as Nutramigen or Alimentum. Babys who are allergic to milk and soy protein not only have gas symptoms, but also have more other symptoms such as diarrhea, irritability, itching, and vomiting.
Entering yogurt into baby food when he has started eating solid food can introduce various types of intestinal bacteria in the baby’s intestines. Some research shows that supplementation with pediatric probiotics can help relieve gas symptoms and some stomach problems in babies.
Another way to avoid baby gas is to feed the baby before he is starving. When your baby cries because he is starving, allow him to breathe air along with his food. Avoid panic feeding, you can turn on soft music so that the atmosphere is calm when feeding the baby.
When the above methods do not work, your baby still feels uncomfortable gas pain, so you need to give the baby’s gas-lowering medication. This medicine can help reduce upper and lower digestive discomfort. You can ask your doctor first about this drug and how many doses are recommended for your child. Use a gas-lowering baby that is free of allergies and free of side effects.
One natural remedy that can provide assistance to reduce gas in babies is aniseed seeds. Boil 1/2 teaspoon aniseed in 500 ml of water for about 5 minutes. Allow to cool, then give 2-3 drops to babies under six months of age. You can give it to your baby every 3 hours to reduce gas to the baby quickly.
If you are not sure about the medicines on the market, treat your baby’s gas pain in a natural way as mentioned above. Some babies only need time for the most effective gas treatment. Remember that babies will always contain gas, it may only take a little time to become an adult. Some people believe gas pain in babies is just a phase that will pass with time. Increasing the baby’s age will make it much less gas and fussy because their digestive tract will learn how to function properly.
When to call a doctor
There are times when you have to take your child to the doctor when various ways have been done to deal with gas in the baby. Although most baby gas is normal and can be treated on its own, some cases that occur can be the first sign of more serious digestive problems.
You should immediately take your child to the doctor when gas pain is followed by other symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, no bowel movements, bloody stools, and fever several times a day for more than three consecutive days. It is feared that your child has more serious conditions such as stomach flu, GERD, or food allergies. The smell of baby’s gas which has a special foul odor, which irritates your child is also suspect, although some foods such as eggs can cause this.
You also need to pay serious attention when the baby is still crying in pain even though you have done everything like burping, feeding, and swinging, then it is very likely that your baby has colic. Colic often has the same symptoms as baby gas, as they often bend their legs toward their stomachs.
Colic has symptoms such as a hard stomach, red face, curved backs, legs being pulled, and clenched fists. Gas does not cause colic, but colic can cause baby gas because it is likely to swallow more air. Colic causes more air to swallow because the baby will cry excessively, usually more than three consecutive hours for at least three days a week.
Babies who experience colic also often hiccup due to diaphragmatic irritation, diaphragmatic irritation occurs when the baby suckles or drinks large quantities of breast milk and is too fast. Diaphragmatic irritation also occurs when the baby’s abdomen expands and pushes upward.
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