Weight loss after appendix surgery is often experienced by patients with appendicitis. Appendectomy can have various complications when the condition is severe such as appendicitis rupture. Some appendicitis complications such as surgical wound infection and infection of the abdominal cavity can cause unintentional weight loss. Weight loss after appendicitis can occur due to loss of appetite, lack of absorption of nutrients in the intestine and constipation. This article will discuss the complications after appendicitis that cause weight loss and how to increase weight after appendectomy.
What to know about appendectomy
Appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix due to inflammation and swelling of the appendix. The appendix attaches to the large intestine and is on the lower right side of the abdomen which is considered to have no vital functions in the body. Research in the Journal of Theoretical Biology in 2007 mentioned the role of the appendix which is to help grow good flora in your large intestine.
The appendix is susceptible to infection due to the accumulation of feces, bacteria, and other infectious material because it is located close to the large intestine. Appendix inflammation, causing bacteria to develop rapidly in the organs and cause pus formation. Bacteria and pus that accumulate cause aches and pains in the lower right abdomen, but in pregnant women usually experience pain in the right side of the upper abdomen.
This is often called a symptom of appendicitis, which is characterized by sudden abdominal pain near the navel, swelling of the stomach, pain, stiff abdominal muscles, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, nausea, bloating, loss of appetite, and mild fever. The pain that starts from the middle of the stomach will move towards the lower right abdomen.
Journal of the American Medical Association study shows that antibiotics can treat appendicitis. There are two types of appendicitis, mild appendicitis, and serious appendicitis which always requires surgery. Mild appendicitis can be treated with antibiotics and other herbal treatments.
Inflammation of the appendix occurs when an infection occurs due to the opening of the appendix which is blocked due to bacteria and a small amount of hard stool. This causes the appendix to become swollen and inflamed, therefore removing the stool every day is very important to become a habit. Appendicitis can also be caused by intestinal adhesions, swelling of the lymphatic appendix due to viral infections, and foreign bodies.
Appendicitis can cause rupture of the appendix (hollow appendix) causing the release of bacteria and fecal particles into the abdominal cavity, which can cause death if not immediately get medical treatment. This condition is known as peritonitis which can occur immediately after 48 hours to 72 hours after you experience symptoms of inflammation in the appendix.
A ruptured appendix or peritonitis makes you stay longer in the hospital. A ruptured appendix also requires immediate surgery to remove tissue and clean the abdominal cavity. If this happens, you will get antibiotics and the surgeon will remove the infected material, and disinfect the abdominal cavity. The intravenous fluid will also be given to a vein in your arm. Patients who have a ruptured appendix will also experience high fever and severe pain in the stomach area.
The appendix operation procedure is a general surgical procedure which is usually referred to as a laparoscopic operation and is performed with general anesthesia so that the patient actually sleeps. Sometimes surgery is also required openly involving a larger incision if the surgeon cannot see the problem properly. Surgery is the right choice for appendicitis while delaying surgery will increase the risk of appendicitis becoming ruptured.
Before an appendectomy is performed, sufferers are usually told not to eat at least 8 hours before surgery to make it easier for doctors to see the abdominal cavity. Doctors usually also recommend avoiding using insulin in the morning because we are forbidden to eat before or immediately after surgery.
Laparoscopic appendectomy is done with a small incision and then inserted a laparoscope that has a small video camera into the incision. Laparoscopic appendectomy has low complications and has shorter recovery time and a low infection rate.
Research also shows that the laparoscopic procedure has a lower risk of complications compared to open procedures such as wound infections, pneumonia, heart attacks, and septic shock. The study also revealed that Laparoscopic appendectomy patients have shorter hospital stays than open appendectomy patients. The type of surgery performed by a surgeon depends on how severe appendicitis. Laparoscopic appendectomy can be an open operation if the appendix ruptures.
After the appendix operation, the nurse will see your temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and breathing. The nurse will also observe your wounds and pain levels, if necessary you will be given painkillers. If there are no complications you can wake up immediately after surgery but still need caution when moving so as not to stretch the abdominal muscles. You should also be able to eat 24 hours after surgery and you can leave the hospital three days after appendicitis if without complications.
What are the risks and side effects after appendicitis?
Appendectomy needs to be done immediately when the appendix becomes inflamed and swollen, but this operation also has several risks such as bleeding, infection, injury to related organs, and intestinal obstruction. Other rare complications such as surgical injuries to organs, intestinal gangrene, ileus, development of hernias, heart attacks, pneumonia, urinary tract infections (UTI), blood clots, and intestinal obstruction. Although less than 1 percent of the complications above are experienced by appendicitis patients, you need to immediately contact a doctor if you are worried about the symptoms you are feeling.
How much risk and side effects of appendicitis surgery depends on the type of surgical procedure performed and other factors such as whether the appendix has ruptured. Most of the side effects suffered after appendicitis are mild and temporary, although they can also cause serious complications.
Side effects that are mild and short-term will usually heal within 2 to 4 weeks, while serious effects have symptoms of pain in the abdomen that occur continuously, recurrent mutations, fever, diarrhea, bleeding, foul odor from the surgical incision, and not defecate for 3 days as expressed by the American College of Surgeons.
The majority of patients who have performed appendicitis often experience abdominal pain and discomfort. Abdominal pain will decrease over time and the surgeon will usually prescribe painkillers as needed. You will usually also experience discomfort due to flatulence after laparoscopic surgery. This happens because the gas is pumped into the stomach during the surgical procedure and usually the effect will disappear within 24 hours after laparoscopic surgery.
Another side effect is diarrhea for several days after the procedure because appendectomy involves manipulation of the intestine. Intestinal manipulation can also cause constipation, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, loss of appetite, and flatulence. This situation can usually be cured with a few days of hospitalization. Another complication is increasing the risk of intestinal obstruction due to the formation of scar tissue after appendicitis which can occur over the next few years.
The risk of infection after appendectomy usually consists of surgical wound infection and stomach cavity infection. Surgical wound infection is the most serious complication after appendicitis according to the American College of Surgeons. Surgical wound infections are more common in open appendectomy procedures. Wound infections are usually treated with antibiotics and other medications.
Aside from surgical wound infections, another common complication is an infection of the stomach cavity. This infection also often occurs when the appendix ruptures before surgery. This happens because the appendix rupture causes bacteria in the intestines to come out and infect the abdominal cavity. This infection is known as peritonitis although cases are rare. In addition to peritonitis, other abdominal cavity infections are caused by the development of an abscess in the abdomen near the location where the appendix is removed, usually requiring a second surgery to drain the abscess.
Premature labor is also a complication that occurs after appendectomy if appendicitis occurs during pregnancy. This risk will increase when the appendix bursts before surgery with a fetal loss of around 2 percent.
Various complications that occur after appendectomy can worsen your health, therefore medical advice from doctors is needed for treatment after appendectomy. When you lose your appetite after surgery, try low-fat foods such as rice, roast chicken, yogurt, and toast accompanied by drinking plenty of fluids.
If you experience irregular bowel movements after an appendectomy, try to avoid constipation and straining when you defecate. Take a fiber supplement every day if you need a mild laxative to make it easier to defecate. You are also advised to always take antibiotics when your appendix ruptures, don’t stop taking it even if you feel better.
Weight loss after appendectomy
One result that often occurs in people who have done appendicitis is weight loss. Weight loss occurs for several reasons, and this is caused not only after appendicitis surgery. Before performing appendectomy usually, patients are told to fast for 8 hours not eating and drinking. Even some cases require patients to fast without eating and drinking for 12 hours before surgery. This can cause the patient to become dehydrated, nauseous and dizzy. Unintentional weight loss after appendectomy can also occur due to decreased appetite, appendicitis rupture, cancer, impaired absorption of nutrients, constipation, and other illnesses suffered by sufferers before appendectomy.
Impaired nutrient absorption after appendicitis can also be a cause of unintentional weight loss. Appendectomy requires cutting of the intestine as long as 7 cm. There are two intestines in the human body namely the small intestine and large intestine which have different functions. One of the intestinal functions is to absorb food nutrients for the body’s needs, if this function is disrupted then the absorption of nutrients will also be disrupted and not optimal.
This condition can make your body weight down even though not much, but before performing appendicitis many patients have experienced weight loss. This is mostly caused by stomach discomfort when appendicitis occurs and eventually, the appetite becomes reduced. Decreased appetite is often caused by pain after appendicitis, causing unintentional weight loss.
After an appendectomy, many patients experience side effects such as loss of appetite and even not being able to eat or drink, stomach pain, and diarrhea for several days. These side effects will certainly make you lose weight from before. These side effects mostly last for a long time, so to return to the original condition requires a hard struggle for some patients. Some patients need 4 to 6 weeks for the recovery process including restoring appetite as before after performing appendicitis.
In addition to decreased appetite, constipation after appendicitis can also cause accidental weight loss. This weight loss is usually more than 5 percent of your previous weight and occurs without you changing your eating or exercising habits. Constipation can reduce appetite so that it can slow healing and delay the closure of the incision. The body needs protein and nutrients to build healthy new tissue and heal tissue that has been injured by surgery.
Weight loss in patients after appendectomy usually occurs in many cases where their appendix ruptures so it requires more supervision and recovery. During recovery patients usually, only receive liquid food so they can lose weight. Providing nutrient-dense food will be done when the patient’s body is ready to receive it, so it needs supervision for several days, if the patient’s body is unable to receive solid food, the patient will usually vomit it.
Accidental weight loss and pain after appendicitis can also be caused by the following things like Addison’s disease, celiac disease, cirrhosis, dementia, depression, stress or anxiety, diabetes, pancreatitis, parasitic infections, stomach ulcers, bacterial infections that involving the intestines, viral gastroenteritis, lactose intolerance, ovarian cancer, peptic ulcers, colon cancer, pancreatic cancer, bladder cancer, chlamydia infection, Burkitt lymphoma, kidney cell cancer, leishmaniasis, tuberculosis, brucellosis, leukemia, pancreatic cancer, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, colitis infection , alcoholism, liver cancer, gastric cancer, and Crohn’s disease.
You should seek medical help immediately when your weight continues to fall after appendicitis accompanied by a fever of more than 37.7 C, appetite does not return until 5 days after surgery, stomach pain that lasts more than one week, vomiting, and your stomach ache getting worse.
The causes of stomach pain and unintentional weight loss can vary, so doctor assistance is needed to determine the cause. If the cause is a virus, antibiotics will not improve symptoms because antibiotics are not effective against the virus. But if it is caused by a parasite, the right medicine will be prescribed by the doctor to kill the parasite.
You can also use painkillers to minimize discomfort such as stool softeners and increase water intake to reduce the possibility of intestinal obstruction. Seek medical advice and treatment from your doctor if you experience symptoms for more than one week related to weight loss after appendectomy. Some medical advice from doctors is usually like dietary advice, getting enough rest, avoid lifting heavy objects, and avoiding strained abdominal muscles.
How to gain weight quickly after appendectomy
After an appendectomy, patients usually experience abdominal pain which can cause decreased appetite, causing weight loss. There are several ways you can do to gain weight after appendectomy. First, you must choose foods that are rich in nutrients such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, tofu, tempeh, and meat. Furthermore, you should eat more often with a frequency of 5 to 6 times in one day. You are also required to add calories in every food such as milk and eggs. Drink more, and it is recommended to drink before or 30 minutes after eating. You are advised not to do excessive physical activity after intestinal surgery, or with adequate rest.
Some recommended foods for weight gain after appendicitis include broth-based soups, cooked vegetables and fruit, jelly, mashed potatoes, peanut butter, and puddings. Choose vegetables that have higher calories are like potatoes and avocados. Avoid high-fat foods like pizza or french fries because they can worsen the symptoms of stomach pain that usually occur after surgery.
To gain weight after surgery, you are advised to focus on lean protein. Lean protein can be found in lean meats such as chicken, turkey, and seafood like fish. Avoid red meat because it can cause constipation and have high levels of saturated fat. In addition to animal protein, you should also consider consuming vegetable protein such as beans, tofu, and tempeh. If you have difficulty eating after appendicitis, your protein needs can be met with protein powder added to the smoothie.
In addition to focusing on lean protein, you can gain weight by focusing on unprocessed whole foods such as oranges instead of orange juice. Other foods such as baked potatoes instead of potato chips, and choose chicken breast instead of chicken nuggets. Processed foods and processed foods tend to have added sugar, salt, fat, and chemicals. Processed foods also have far less fiber and vitamins than other foods.
Choosing whole wheat over whole wheat is the best way to meet the needs of vitamins and minerals after undergoing surgery on your intestine. Choose brown rice or other varieties that are not processed and avoid white rice for higher nutrition and fiber. The ideal breakfast menu is to add fiber and seeds to your diet. Choose oatmeal, whole-grain cereals, whole-grain bread, and fresh fruit as your breakfast menu.
Choose dairy products without constipation such as Kim milk, cottage cheese, and yogurt as a good source of protein for healing after surgery. Avoid dairy products if you have constipation and if you suffer from chronic coughing because there is evidence that dairy products can increase secretions in the lungs.
Some foods to accelerate wound healing after appendicitis are also recommended because the pain after appendicitis causes a decrease in desire to eat. Some of these foods such as pineapple and other bromelain-containing foods. Bromelain enzymes can help relieve pain and wound healing, and reduce the possibility of tissue and muscle swelling after surgery.
Foods that have lots of vitamin C are also recommended after appendicitis because they can heal internal wounds quickly. You can go on a diet rich in vitamin C such as cauliflower, kiwi fruit, strawberries, grapefruit, and orange. In addition to foods rich in vitamin C, foods rich in vitamin A can also help in the process of cell reproduction which is an important part of wound healing. Foods are high in vitamins such as carrots, squash, sweet potatoes, mangoes, papaya, eggs, and milk.
Foods with anti-inflammatory properties can also accelerate wound healing and prevent infections in the body after appendectomy. Foods that have anti-inflammatory properties such as ginger, pineapple, blueberries, broccoli, celery, and beets.
Zinc deficiency can also slow down the body’s natural healing process. Oysters, egg yolks, nuts, milk, and seeds are the best natural sources of zinc you can get. Nuts and milk are also rich in omega 3 and arginine which also has benefits for accelerating healing after surgery.
Foods that contain probiotics such as yogurt are strongly recommended in the diet of someone who has done an appendectomy. Antibiotics and anesthetics given to patients undergoing appendicitis can have a devastating effect on intestinal bacteria. This results in suboptimal absorption of food nutrients and decreased appetite.
One cause of decreased appetite and weight loss after appendicitis is constipation. Constipation is a common complication after surgery that can cause pain and prolong recovery. Pain and prolonged recovery after appendicitis can cause your appetite to decrease so that you also lose weight. Foods high in fiber can prevent constipation after surgery and are more healthy. Some high-fiber foods that you can choose such as whole wheat bread, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, oatmeal, and high-fiber cereals.
In addition to choosing foods high in fiber, you should also avoid foods that cause constipation. Dried foods such as dried fruits, beef jerky and some types of potato chips. Some other foods that can cause constipation include processed foods, cheese, dairy products, red meat, sweets, cakes, and other sweet foods.
What the next
Healthy and nutritious food after appendicitis can accelerate healing and recovery. Foods that have high nutritional value can gain weight after appendectomy and prevent complications such as constipation and high blood glucose, otherwise, poor food can lose weight and slow recovery after appendectomy.
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